Justicia gendarussa, commonly known as willow-leaved Justicia is a small erect, branched shrub.
It has been described as rare and endemic to India, though those claims are at least confusing, in the context of statements that the plant is widely used in various forms for many of its medicinal and insecticidal properties, and that it is a quick-growing, evergreen forest shrub considered to be a native of China and distributed in Sri Lanka, India, and Malaysia.
Justicia gendarussa is frequently grown in Indian gardens as a hedge plant, which is propagated by cuttings. It hardly withstands heavy rain and thrives in shade. It is used as a tribal medicine for various ailments such as bronchitis, inflammations, vaginal discharges, dyspepsia, eye diseases, and fevers, etc.
Use and effect
Traditionally used as anodyne, antiperiodic, anti-inflammatory, antispasmodic and carminative, diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, febrifuge and laxative.
The decoction of the roots is used in the treatment of chronic rheumatism, while the infusion of the leaves is taken internally to treat headaches, hemiparesis and facial paralysis, hematomas.
The juice of the leaves is used in the treatment of ear infections.
The leaf is antispasmodic, carminative, and antiperiodic. Leaves and shoots are diaphoretic. The bitterroot is anodyne, diaphoretic, diuretic, and laxative and the root bark is emetic the whole plant is emetic and febrifuge, while the dry leaves are used to repel insects from clothing.